Ingredients Glossary

Ingredients Glossary

A
  • Alfala Meal

    Alfalfa is a nutrient-rich legume from the pea family carrying plenty of calcium and other minerals, carotene, chlorophyll, protein, Vitamin B, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, and Vitamin K. Alfalfa meal is finely ground dried alfalfa.

  • Alfalfa

    Alfalfa is a nutrient-rich legume from the pea family carrying plenty of calcium and other minerals, carotene, chlorophyll, protein, Vitamin B, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, and Vitamin K.

  • Almond Meal

    Almond meal is dried, ground almonds, which are protein rich nuts

  • Apple

    Apples are fruits. They add flavor, dietary fiber, and potassium.

B
  • Banana Puree

    Bananas are fruit. They add flavor and potassium.

  • Beef

    Beef is the muscle meat from a cow which is a high quality animal-based protein source providing many essential amino acids.

  • Beef Broth

    Beef Broth is made from cooking meat and bones in water which extracts flavors which enhance our products.

  • Beef Liver

    Beef liver is a nutrient-rich organ, which is a great source of protein and flavor. Beef liver is an important source of Vitamins A and D.

  • Biotin

    Biotin is in the vitamin B class of water soluble vitamins. It is important in helping to use nutrients to make energy.

  • Bison

    Bison is the muscle meat of the American bison, which is a high quality, animal-based protein source.

  • Blueberries

    Blueberries are fruits. They provide Vitamin C and dietary fiber.

C
  • Cabbage

    Cabbage is a cruciferous vegetable which supplies water soluble B vitamins and plant-based Vitamin K.

  • Calcium Carbonate

    Calcium carbonate is a nutritionally available source of calcium, the mineral that helps your pet develop strong bones and teeth.

  • Calcium Iodate

    Calcium iodate is a nutritionally available source of iodine, which is which supports healthy thyroid function

  • Calcium Pantothenate

    Calcium Pantothenate is a source of a B vitamin, Pantothenic Acid. It is an essential nutrient for metabolic processing of carbohydrates and fats.

  • Canola Oil (Preserved with mixed tocopherols)

    Canola oil is a vegetable-based source of fatty acids, including the Omega-3 fatty acid, linolenic acid.

  • Carrot

    Carrots are vegetables which are good sources of vitamins.

  • Cassia Gum

    Cassia gum is a source of soluble dietary fiber that has great water-holding capacity, so it is used to thicken gravies or sauces.

  • Celery

    Celery is a vegetable that adds flavor and dietary fiber.

  • Chelated Minerals

    Chelated minerals are sources of essential trace minerals that contain the mineral bound to an amino acids. This form of trace mineral has high bioavailability.

  • Chicken

    Chicken is an animal-based , high quality protein source.

  • Chicken Broth

    Chicken broth is produced by cooking chicken and chicken bones in water. We use chicken broth to add flavor.

  • Chicken Fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols)

    Chicken fat is a good source of the essential Omega-6 fatty acid, linoleic acid.

  • Chicken Liver

    Chicken liver is a high quality source of protein and Vitamins A & D.

  • Chicken Meal

    Chicken meal is chicken that has been cooked and dried resulting in a concentrated source of protein plus calcium and phosphorus.

  • Chickpeas / Garbanzo Beans

    Chickpeas are nutrient-rich legumes. They are also known as garbanzo beans.

  • Choline Chloride

    Choline chloride is a source of choline which is an important part phospholipids that make up cell walls.

  • Cobalt Proteinate

    Cobalt proteinate is a source of the trace mineral cobalt, which is key to Vitamin B12.

  • Coconut Oil

    Coconut oil is a source of fat particularly medium chain triglycerides.

  • Cod

    Cod is a fish that is a great source of protein and Omega-3 fatty acids that support a shiny coat and healthy skin.

  • Copper Amino Acid Chelate

    Copper Amino Acid Chelate is source of the essential trace mineral, copper which is an important part of many enzymes within the body. See chlated minerals.

  • Copper Proteinate

    Copper proteinate is source of the essential trace mineral, copper which is an important part of many enzymes within the body. See chelated minerals.

  • Copper Sulfate

    Copper sulfate is a bioavailable source of the essential trace mineral copper.

  • Cranberries

    Cranberries are fruits that can contribute Vitamin C.

D
  • D-Calcium Pantothenate

    D-calcium pantothenate is a source of the B vitamin pantothenic acid, which has a key role in energy related enzymes.

  • Dicalcium Phosphate

    Dicalcium phosphate is a source of the essential macrominerals calcium and phosphorus used in bones and teeth.

  • DL-Methionine

    DL-methionine is an amino acid added to ensure the balance of amino acids is correct.

  • Dried Aspergilius Niger Fermentation Product

    This is a microorganism source that is classified as a probiotic to support healthy digestion.

  • Dried Aspergilius Oryzae Fermentation Product

    This is a microorganism source that is classified as a probiotic to support healthy digestion.

  • Dried Beet Pulp

    This is the fiber from sugar beets, with the sugar removed. Dried beet pulp is a great source of fiber that naturally contains prebiotics.

  • Dried Beets

    Our dried beets have the sugar removed and are used as a source of fiber and prebiotics.

  • Dried Bifidobacterium Thermophilum Fermentation Product

    This is a microorganism source that is classified as a probiotic to support healthy digestion.

  • Dried Brewers Yeast

    A flavorful addition to our pet food, brewer's yeast adds protein and B vitamins to promote healthy muscles, skin, coat, and provide energy.

  • Dried Carrots

    Carrots are the nutrient-rich roots of the carrot plant. They are a great source of carbohydrates, fiber, and have lots of beta-carotene.

  • Dried Chicory Root

    Dried chicory root is a source of the soluble fiber inulin which supports healthy digestion. It is classified as a prebiotic.

  • Dried Egg Product

    Dried egg product is the technical name of dried eggs which are excellent sources of protein, vitamins and fatty acids.

  • Dried Egg Whites

    Dried egg whites are excellent sources of very high quality animal based protein.

  • Dried Enterococcus Faecium Fermentation Product

    This is a microorganism source that is classified as a probiotic to support healthy digestion.

  • Dried Lactobacillus Acidophilus Fermentation Product

    This is a microorganism source that is classified as a probiotic to support healthy digestion.

  • Dried Lactobacillus Casei Fermentation Product

    This is a microorganism source that is classified as a probiotic to support healthy digestion.

  • Dried Vegetable Pomace

    Dried vegetable pomace usually consists of a combination of carrot, celery, beet, parsley, lettuce, watercress, spinach, and more. It is a common pet food additive to increase fiber and vitamin levels.

  • Duck

    Duck is a high quality animal-based protein source. It is a flavorful alternative to chicken.

E
  • Egg Product

    Egg product is the technical name of liquid eggs which are excellent sources of protein, vitamins and fatty acids.

  • Egg Whites

    Egg whites are excellent sources of very high quality animal based protein in liquid form.

F
  • Ferrous Sulfate

    Ferrous sulfate is a bioavailable source of the essential trace mineral iron.

  • Fish Broth

    Fish broth is produced by cooking fish including their bones in water. Fish broth adds flavor.

  • Fish Oil (preserved with mixed tocopherols)

    Fish oil is rich in Omega-3 fatty acids that help pets with a healthy skin and shiny coat, healthy brain function, and support joint health.

  • Flaxseed Meal

    Flaxseed meal is from ground flaxseed that has some of its oil removed. It is a source of protein, dietary fiber and the Omega-3 fatty acid, alpha linolenic acid (ALA).

  • Flaxseed Oil (preserved with mixed tocopherols)

    Flaxseed oil is from pressed flaxseeds, which is a plant-based source of the Omega-3 fatty acid, linlenic acid (ALA).

  • Folic Acid

    Folic acid is a B Vitamin that supports cellular growth.

G
  • Ginger Root

    Ginger root is a flavor/spice.

  • Glycerin

    Sourced from vegetable or tallow (beef or mutton fat) used for binding and texture, as well as a natural preservative.

  • Green Beans

    Green beans are vegetables.

  • Ground Miscanthus Grass

    This is an excellent source of insoluble dietary fiber that can be farmed sustainably.

  • Guar Gum

    Guar Gum is a soluble dietary fiber with good water holding capacity so it can thicken gravies and sauces.

H
  • Herring Meal

    Herring meal is made from dried herring (fish) resulting in a concentrated animal-based protein source with good levels of Omega-3 fatty acids.

  • Herring Oil

    Herring oil (a fish oil) is a source of Omega-3 fatty acids, such as EPA and DHA.

  • Hydrolized Chicken Liver

    See chicken liver. Hydrolyzed means that the proteins in the liver have been broken down into smaller pieces including to individual amino acids, often by naturally occurring enzymes.

I
K
  • Kelp

    Dried kelp is marine plant that naturally contains the essential trace mineral iodine.

L
  • Lamb

    Lamb is the muscle meat from a sheep (typically less than 12 months old) which is a high quality animal-based protein source providing many essential amino acids.

  • Lamb Broth

    Lamb broth is made from cooking the meat and bones of lamb in water. The broth adds flavor.

  • Lamb Liver

    Lamb liver is a nutrient-rich organ, which is a great source of protein and flavor. Lamb liver is an important source of Vitamins A and D.

  • Lamb Meal

    Lamb meal is lamb that has been cooked and dried resulting in a concentrated source of protein plus calcium and phosphorus.

  • Lentils

    Lentils are nutrient-rich legumes that provide protein and dietary fiber.

  • Lettuce

    Lettuce is a vegetable that when dried is a source of dietary fiber.

M
  • Manganese Amino Acid Chelate

    See chelated minerals. Manganese is an essential trace mineral.

  • Manganese Proteinate

    See chelated minerals. Manganese is an essential trace mineral.

  • Manganous Oxide

    Manganous oxide is a bioavailable source of the essential trace mineral manganese.

  • Menhaden Fish Meal

    Menhaden are cold water fish. When dried, the result is menhaden fish meal which is a concentrated source of protein and can provide Omega-3 fatty acids (EPA & DHA).

  • Mixed Tocopherols

    Mixed tocopherols is a blend of compounds called tocopherols that act as natural preservatives to protect products from oxidative randcidity.

N
  • Niacin Supplement

    Niacin supplement is a source of the B class vitamin niacin, which is essential for energy metabolism.

O
P
  • Parsley

    Parsley is a flavor or spice. It can also be used to help mask breath odor.

  • Pea Flour

    Pea flour is dried ground peas from which the fiber has been removed resulting in a plant-based starch and protein blend.

  • Pea Protein

    Pea protein is the fraction of ground peas that has had the protein concentrated. It is an excellent plant-based alternative protein source.

  • Pea Starch

    Pea starch is an ingredient derived from peas that is a great substitute for grain-based starches.

  • Peas

    Peas are legumes which provide a source of plant-based protein and carbohydrate.

  • Pork

    Pork is the muscle meat from a pig which is a high quality animal-based protein source providing many essential amino acids.

  • Pork Liver

    Pork liver is a nutrient-rich organ, which is a great source of protein and flavor. Pork liver is an important source of Vitamins A and D.

  • Potassium Chloride

    Potassium chloride is the salt that supplies the essential nutrients potassium and chloride.

  • Potassium Iodide

    Potassium iodide is a bioavailable source of iodine.

  • Prebiotics

    Prebiotics is a classification of dietary fibers that support growth of bacteria in the gut.

  • Probiotics

    Probiotics are bacteria csources that are also know as direct fed microorganisms.

  • Pumpkin

    Dried pumpkinis a source of both soluble and insoluble dietary fiber.

  • Pyridoxine hydrochloride

    Pyridoxyne hydrochloride is source of the the vitamin pyridoxine (B6), which is key to many enzyme functions.

R
  • Rabbit

    Rabbit is the muscle meat from rabbits.

  • Riboflavin supplement

    Riboflavin supplement is a source of the B vitamin, riboflavin (B2), which is key in enzyme metabolism.

  • Rosemary Extract

    Rosemary extract is derived from rosemary and is a plant-based aromatic flavor.

S
  • Salmon

    Salmon are fish that are sources of protein, Omega-3 fatty acids and Vitamin D.

  • Salmon Broth

    Salmon broth is produced by cooking salmon including their bones in water. Salmon broth adds flavor.

  • Salmon Oil (preserved with mixed tocopherols)

    Salmon oil is a source of Omega-3 fatty acids.

  • Salt

    Salt also known as sodium chloride provides the two essentials macrominerals sodium and chloride.

  • Sodium Phosphate

    Sodium phophate is a source of the essential macrominerals sodium and phosphorus in a clacium free form.

  • Sodium Selenite

    Sodium selenite is a source of the essential trace mineral selenium which inside the body is important in antioxidation.

  • Spinach

    Spinach is a leafy green vegetable providing Vitamins A & K.

  • Sunflower Oil

    This plant-based oil comes from pressed sunflower seeds. It is high in the essential Omega-6 fatty acid linoleic acid.

  • Sweet Potatoes

    Sweet potatoes are a source of complex carbohydrates, both starches and soluble dietary fiber.

T
  • Tapioca

    Tapioca starch is the starch from the roots of the cassava plant. It is an option for grain-free products.

  • Taurine

    Taurine is an amino acid-like compound (not found in protein) which is essential for cats and important for dogs in excretion of wastes. It is found in animal-based ingredients rather than plant-based ingredients.

  • Thiamine Mononitrate

    Thiamine mononitrate is a source of the water soluble vitamin thiamine also known as B1. This essential vitamin is needed in energy and carbohydrate metabolism.

  • Tricalcium Phosphate

    Tricalcium phophate is a source of the essential macro-minerals calcium and phosphorous.

  • Trout

    Trout is a fish-based source of protein and taurine.

  • Tuna

    Tuna is a fish based source of protein and taurine

  • Turkey

    Turkey is a high quality source of animal based protein.

  • Turkey Broth

    Turkey broth is made by boiling turkey including bones to into the water, which can then add flavor.

  • Turkey Liver

    Turkey liver is a high quality source of protein and Vitamins A & D.

  • Turkey Meal

    Turkey meal is cooked and dried turkey that is a concentrated source of protein.

  • Turmeric

    Turmeric is a spice/flavor that is made from the dried and ground root of the turmeric plant.

V
  • Vegetable Broth

    Vegetable broth is made from cooking several types of vegetables in water and used for flavor.

  • Venison

    Venison is the muscle meat of deer which is a source of animal-based protein.

  • Vitamin A Supplement

    Vitamin A supplement is a source of the fat soluble, preformed vitamin A which supports vision. Conversion of beta-carotene to vitamin A is limited to non-existent in pets, so this supplementation is vita.

  • Vitamin B12 Supplement

    Vitamin B12 supplement is a source of the water souble vitamin B12 asso known as cobalamin which is important in metabolic enzymes

  • Vitamin D3 Supplement

    Vitamin D3 supplement is the source of the fat souble vitamin D which is a hormone withiin the body that effects bone and calciumstatus.

  • Vitamin E Supplement

    Vitamin E supplement is a source of the fat soluble vitamin E, also known as alpha-tocopherol. It is the major scavenger of free radicals within the body.

W
  • Watercress

    Watercress is an aquatic leafy green plant that provides water soluble vitamins and dietary fiber.

  • Whitefish

    Whitefish are mild tasting fish which are good sources of protein and taurine.

  • Whole Egg

    Whole egg is made of the liquid eggs which are excellent sources of protein, vitamins and fatty acids.

  • Whole Ground Flaxseed

    Flaxseeds are non-grain seeds of the flax plant, which provide a plant-based source of protein Omega-3 fatty acid, ALA and dietary fiber.

  • Wild Boar

    Wild boar is the muscle meat from Eurasian wild pigs in North America. It provides animal-based protein.

X
  • Xanthum Gum

    Xanthan gum is the result of the fermentation of a microorganism which results in a soluble fiber with good water holding capacity. It is used to thicken gravies and sauces.

Y
  • Yeast Culture

    Yeast culture is a dried product of the growth of yeast that remains viable after drying. It is a source of protein and dietary fiber.

  • Yellow Split Peas

    Yellow split peas are legumes that provide plant-based protein.

  • Yucca Schidigera Extract

    Yucca schidigera extract the liquid that has been pressed out of the mojave yucca. It adds flavor.

Z
  • Zinc Amino Acid Chelate

    See chelated trace minerals. Zinc is an essential trace mineral that acts in enzymes related to protein metabolism and skin health.

  • Zinc Proteinate

    See Chelated Minerals. Zinc is an essential trace mineral that acts in enzymes related to protein metabolism and skin health.

  • Zinc Sulfate

    Zinc sulfate is a bioavailable source of zinc. Zinc is an essential trace mineral that acts in enzymes related to protein metabolism and skin health.

  • Zucchini Squash

    Zucchini squash are vegetables that provide dietary fiber and potassium.